One of six environmental protesters who climbed the Shard last month has been charged with aggravated trespass.
Alison Garrigan, 27, from Greater Manchester, will appear at Camberwell Magistrates' Court on August 29, Scotland Yard said.
Five other Greenpeace protesters who climbed the central London skyscraper with her have admitted the offence and accepted police cautions.
The activists reached the top of the Shard in central London on July 11, having spent 15 hours climbing the landmark in protest against oil drilling in the Arctic.
After reaching the summit of the 72-storey building, two of the campaigners unfurled a 32ft by 32ft blue flag with ''Save the Arctic'' written in white across it. They said they wanted to put Shell and other oil companies in the spotlight.
The viewing platform of the Shard was closed to visitors while the women were scaling the building.
Supporters were able to follow the climb as footage was live-streamed from the demonstrators' helmet cameras.
The other women who took part were: Victoria Henry, 32, a Canadian living in Hackney, London; Wiola Smul, 23, from Poznan, Poland; Sabine Huyghe, 33, from Ghent, Belgium; Sandra Lamborn, 29, from Stockholm, Sweden; and Liesbeth Deddens, 31, from Groningen, Netherlands.